Major General Joseph B. Carr
Union Army General
Distinguished for gallantry in the Civil War battles of Gettysburg and Malvern Hill, Major General Joseph B. Carr commanded the Union Army’s 3rd Division of III Corps in the autumn campaigns of 1865. He also participated in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, and was instrumental in recruiting the second New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, also known as the Troy Regiment. General Ulysses S. Grant assigned Carr to the Army, where he commanded a division of African-American soldiers.
Following the war, Carr remained in Troy and became a manufacturer. He also served as a Republican politician in the state of New York, where he was elected New York’s Secretary of State three successive times, from 1880 to 1885. Carr also ran on the Republican ticket for Lieutenant Governor of New York, but was defeated.
Born in Albany, New York to Irish immigrants, Carr worked as a tobacconist before beginning his military career, as a colonel in the New York militia in 1861.